Course D. An Introduction to the Hindu Traditions
Thursdays, 1:00-2:30 p.m.
Instructor: Mark McClish, Associate Professor, Religious Studies
This course meets on Thursdays afternoons beginning on September 23.
One of the largest and most ancient of all religions, ‘Hinduism’ is better understood as a family of related traditions. Over the last 5000 years, the Hindu traditions of South Asia have developed an astonishing diversity of rituals, beliefs, and spiritual practices and a pantheon of hundreds and thousands of gods and goddesses, from the elephant headed Gaṇeśa to the fierce goddess Kālī and many local deities. This course will examine the breadth of the Hindu traditions as they have developed over time, highlighting the major elements that characterize them collectively, such as ritual sacrifice (yajña), world renunciation (saṃnyāsa), law (dharma), spiritual discipline (yoga), devotion (bhakti), and worship (pūjā). We will pay particular attention to how these traditions have contributed to the development of modern Hinduism. During the course we will explore the great works of Hindu literature, such as the Rāmāyaṇa and the Bhagavad Gītā, as well as other important sources such as art, architecture, anthropology, and film.
Sep. 23 Hinduism and History
We begin the course by exploring the colonial origins of the idea of ‘Hinduism’ and what it means to study Hinduism as a ‘world religion.’ We will use this discussion as a launching point to explore the differences between academic and traditional histories of the Hindu traditions, and how each tells a very different story.
Sep. 30 The Vedas
One of the most commonly shared features among Hindu traditions is acceptance of the authority of scriptures known as the Vedas. The Vedas are the oldest extant texts of the Hindu traditions, and from them (as well as from archaeology, linguistics, and genetics) we learn much about the confluence of cultures that gave birth to the earliest form of Hinduism, often called ‘Vedic Hinduism’ (ca. 1500 – 600 BCE). We will also look this week at the sacred language, Sanskrit, in which the Vedas and later Hindu scriptures were composed.
Oct. 7 Dharma: Duty, Law, and Order
From the period of Vedic Hinduism forward, we can trace two religious impulses that will shape the development of Hinduism over the next several centuries: world maintenance and world renunciation. This week, we will explore the concept of dharma, which means ‘sacred law,’ ‘duty,’ ‘order,’ and even ‘religion.’ The rules of dharma organize a religious life that attends to upholding tradition, custom, and social order. An exploration of dharma provides the opportunity to explore caste, gender, ritual, sacraments, and ethics within Hinduism.
Oct. 14 Mokṣa: The Quest for Liberation
In tension with the inclination to support or uphold the world, Hinduism has also been strongly shaped by the desire to leave the world behind and emancipate oneself from suffering. Those who follow this path are renouncers, or saṃnyāsins, who seek to overcome death itself. They cultivated contemplative and yogic practices that were accompanied by sophisticated philosophical systems, such as Sā ṁkhya and Vedānta. This week, we explore renunciation as a social practice and also peek into the erudite world of Indian philosophy.
Oct. 21 Bhakti: The Love of God
Hinduism, as we know it today, begins to come into full view in the second half of the first millennium with the development of theistic systems devoted to the great deities Viṣṇu, Śiva, and Devī (the goddess). The myths and stories of these deities, along with rituals for their worship, have been passed down in vast compendia called Purā ṇas. Theologians of this period began to articulate new philosophies based on the saving power of devotion (bhakti) to god. Love for gods like Viṣṇu and Śiva came to be interwoven with conceptions of dharma and renunciation, forming the basis of modern Hinduism.
Oct. 28 The Mahābhārata and Rāmāyaṇa: The Sanskrit Epics
We step back this week from the nuances of Hindu thought and practice to enjoy the timeless stories of The Mahābhārata and Rāmāyaṇa. These beloved epics tell of great wars: a cosmic civil war within one of India’s founding dynasties and the war between Rāma and the demon king Rāvaṇa, who abducted Rāma’s beloved wife Sītā, respectively. Both texts are read as sacred scriptures, but they also happen to be enormously entertaining tales. This week we will look at these sacred tales as windows onto Classical Hinduism.
Nov. 4 Medieval Hinduism
Major innovations occurred within the Hindu traditions in the first half of the second millennium CE, and this week we will look at three: the spread of what are known as the bhakti movements; the construction of the great Hindu temples; and the emergence of new practices of tantra and yoga. These developments will help to complete our picture of the development of the Hindu traditions in the pre-modern period.
Nov. 11 Two Visions of Hinduism in Modern India
In week eight, we move forward to explore colonialism and its legacy in South Asia. In particular, we will focus on two visions of modern India and the place of Hinduism in each. We begin with a look at Nehruvian modernism, which relied on a version of Hinduism friendly to the secular state and tolerant of its pluralistic society. We turn then to look at Hindu nationalism, and the effort to forge an intrinsic connection between Hinduism and the Indian state. We will look at recent events, including the rise of the BJP, in this context.
Nov. 18 The Life of Hinduism
In this, our final week, we take all that we have learned to this point and focus on the lives, beliefs, and practices of Hindus today, in India and around the world. In this context, we will look at Hindu ethics, sacraments, ritual practice, temple worship, and identity, with particular attention to diasporic Hinduism in North America.
Information is subject to change. Full course and policy descriptions are available at www.nualumnae.org
• Each 9-week online course is $155.00. Registration pays for access to a live webinar and limited-time access to a recording of each week’s 90-minute session.
• Late registrations require payment of the full course price. Courses cannot be prorated. Late registrants will NOT be able to access recordings from prior weeks if the links and passcodes have expired.
• There are no multi-course discounts.
• Per Diem pricing is not available for these courses.
• Registrations can only be purchased online at www.nbo.northwestern.edu. A payment card is required. No other forms of payment can be accepted at this time. Neither the Norris Box Office nor the Alumnae Continuing Education group can process any other type of registration payment. There are no exceptions.
• After registering for a course, you should receive a registration confirmation message from firstname.lastname@example.org. It will be sent to the email address associated with your profile. Though it is not your entry to the ZOOM class, it is important that you locate the confirmation as soon as possible. If you don't receive an email, it could mean that there is a problem with how your email address is listed in our system. A typo in your email address could result in the Zoom link being lost. You can correct your information by logging in at www.nbo.northwestern.edu, clicking on your name in the purple bar at the top, and then on Edit Profile.
• To access the first webinar on September 21, your online registration must be completed by midnight, Thursday, September 16, 2021. If you register on September 17 or later, we cannot guarantee timely entry to the course on September 23, the first day.
• Your registration automatically includes temporary access to a recording of each remaining livestream session in the course. You will be sent a separate link with a passcode to give you access to the recording for six days, ending when the next session begins. If you register late, you may not have access to recordings of livestreamed sessions that took place prior to your registration.
Your Zoom link and passcode are specific to your email and may not be shared. Sharing your links may void your registration without refund.
• All course times listed are in the Central Daylight Time zone (UTC -05:00). Course times will return to Central Standard Time (UTC -06:00) on Sunday, November 7, 2021, at 2 a.m.
• Given the limitations presented by the pandemic, support from customer service will be limited to email correspondence. Please use the Help Form with any service issues.
Linking to Live Sessions
• You will be emailed a Zoom link invitation for each session on the Friday before the session is scheduled to be livestreamed. The invitation will be sent from Norris Technical Services . You will also receive an email reminder with the link one hour prior to the start of each session. Please check your spam, junk folder, or deleted messages if you don't see the email in your inbox.
• Plan on clicking on the Zoom link and joining the online session at least 10 minutes before the session begins.
• Your Zoom link is specific to your email address and may not be shared.
• For a detailed guide on using Zoom, please click on the Alumnae Continuing Education Zoom Guide here.
Limited Access to Recorded Sessions
• If you cannot attend the live-streaming of the session, you may still view the recorded session for a limited time.
• You will be sent a separate link with a passcode to give you access to the recording of the session for six days, ending when the next session begins.
• Your Zoom link and passcode are specific to your email and may not be shared.
• Recordings CANNOT be downloaded.
• If you don’t receive the email with the link and passcode to the recording, please complete the online Help Form at bit.ly/ContEdHelp or contact Norris-Virtual@northwestern.edu as soon as possible to ensure timely assistance. Weekend support is not available.
• For additional support, call The Alumnae voicemail number: (847) 604-3569.
• If you intend to withdraw from a course, you must purchase a $10.00 cancellation fee by Thursday, September 16, 2021. A full refund will be processed to the payment card used for the initial purchase.
• Registrations purchased after September 20 cannot be refunded.
• No refunds will be given once the first webinar begins.
• Credits are not given for future classes.
• Contact the NorrisBoxOffice@northwestern.edu if you would like to transfer to another class offered during the same quarter. There is no additional cost. But you will have to wait until the following week to access the new course links.